foul

foul
foul1 [faul] adj
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(smell/taste)¦
2 in a foul mood/temper
3¦(air/water)¦
4 foul language
5¦(weather)¦
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[: Old English; Origin: ful]
1.) ¦(SMELL/TASTE)¦
a foul smell or taste is very unpleasant
He woke up with a foul taste in his mouth.
a pile of foul-smelling garbage
He put down his mug of foul-tasting coffee.
2.) in a foul mood/temper
BrE in a very bad temper and likely to get angry
The argument with his mother left Putt in a foul mood.
3.) ¦(AIR/WATER)¦
very dirty
Refugees in the camps are short of food and at risk from foul water.
extractor fans to remove foul air from the tunnel
4.) foul language
rude and offensive words
She claimed she had been subjected to abuse and foul language.
5.) ¦(WEATHER)¦
especially BrE foul weather is stormy and windy, with a lot of rain or snow
Always carry foul weather gear when you go out walking.
>foully adv
>foulness n [U]
by fair means or foul atfair1 (11), fall foul of sb/sth atfall1 (15)
foul 2
foul2 v
1.)
a) [T]
if a sports player fouls another player, they do something that is not allowed by the rules
b) [I and T]
to hit a ball outside the limit of the playing area in baseball
2.) also foul up [T] formal
to make something very dirty, especially with waste
rivers and lakes fouled almost beyond recovery by pollutants
foul up phr v
1.) to do something wrong or spoil something by making mistakes
→↑foul-up
We can't afford to foul up this time.
foul sth<=>up
Glen completely fouled up the seating arrangements.
2.) foul sth<=>up
to make something very dirty, especially with waste
He lit a cigarette and started to foul up the air with stinging yellow smoke.
foul 3
foul3 n
1.) an action in a sport that is against the rules
Wright was booked for a foul on the goalkeeper.
2.) a hit in baseball which goes outside the limits of the playing area

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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  • Foul — (foul), a. [Compar. Fouler ( [ e]r); superl. {Foulest}.] [OE. foul, ful, AS. f[=u]l; akin to D. vuil, G. faul rotten, OHG. f[=u]l, Icel. f[=u]l foul, fetid; Dan. fuul, Sw. ful foul, Goth. f[=u]ls fetid, Lith. puti to be putrid, L. putere to stink …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • foul — [foul] adj. [ME < OE ful, akin to Ger faul, rotten, lazy < IE base * pū , * pu , to stink (< ? exclamation of disgust) > L putere, to rot, Gr pyon, PUS] 1. so offensive to the senses as to cause disgust; stinking; loathsome [a foul… …   English World dictionary

  • Foul — may refer to:*Foul (sports), an unfair or illegal sports act, including: **Foul (football), in football (soccer), an unfair act by a player as deemed by the referee **Professional foul, in football (soccer) or rugby, a deliberate act of foul play …   Wikipedia

  • foul — 〈[ faʊl] Adj.; nur präd. u. adv.; Sp.〉 regelwidrig, unfair, unsportlich [engl., „schmutzig, unrein, faul“] * * * foul [fa̮ul ] <Adj.> [engl. foul, eigtl. = schmutzig; hässlich, verw. mit ↑ faul] (Sport): regelwidrig, unfair, unsportlich …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Foul — 〈[ faʊl] n. 15; Sp.〉 Verstoß gegen die (allgemein anerkannten) Spielregeln [engl., „etwas Unreines, regelwidriger Schlag od. Stoß beim Sport“] * * * foul [fa̮ul ] <Adj.> [engl. foul, eigtl. = schmutzig; hässlich, verw. mit ↑ faul] (Sport):… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • foul — »regelwidrig«: Aus England, dem Mutterland des Fußballsports, wurde im 20. Jh. eine Reihe von Ausdrücken der Fußballersprache entlehnt. Die meisten davon wurden allerdings später durch Lehnübersetzungen ersetzt (beachte z. B. Aus ‹↑ aus› für engl …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Foul — »regelwidrig«: Aus England, dem Mutterland des Fußballsports, wurde im 20. Jh. eine Reihe von Ausdrücken der Fußballersprache entlehnt. Die meisten davon wurden allerdings später durch Lehnübersetzungen ersetzt (beachte z. B. Aus ‹↑ aus› für engl …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • foul — [adj1] disgusting, dirty abhorrent, abominable, base, contaminated, despicable, detestable, disgraceful, dishonorable, egregious, fetid, filthy, gross*, hateful, heinous, horrid, icky*, impure, infamous, iniquitous, loathsome, malodorous, mucky* …   New thesaurus

  • Foul — Foul, n. 1. An entanglement; a collision, as in a boat race. [1913 Webster] 2. (Baseball) See {Foul ball}, under {Foul}, a. [1913 Webster] 3. In various games or sports, an act done contrary to the rules; a foul stroke, hit, play, or the like.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Foul — [faul] das; s, s; Sport; (besonders bei Mannschaftsspielen) eine unsportliche und unerlaubte Behinderung des Gegners <ein böses, grobes, harmloses Foul; ein verstecktes Foul; ein Foul an jemandem begehen>: Der Schiedsrichter ahndete das… …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • foul — foul, foully The normal adverb from foul is foully (pronounced with both ls): • Jerome had done foully, but not so foully as he himself and all here believed Ellis Peters, 1993. The older form foul survives in the quasi adverbial expressions foul …   Modern English usage

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